This chapter is my favorite chapter in the Bible
When I first heard a teaching on this chapter after I got saved, I said why didn't anyone ever tell me about this chapter before I was saved
David wrote this Psalm which means it was written around 1000 BC, long before Jesus died on the cross
However when reading this chapter it sounds as if Jesus was writing this from the cross
The details described in this chapter sound as if the writer was indeed being crucified
David was never crucified, in fact crucifixion did not even exist when David wrote this
In Reality David was writing about what he was going through and used metaphors to describe what he was going through
The Holy Spirit of God inspired David to write this psalm PROBABLY unknowingly in a way that it would serve as a prophecy of what God was going to do
This is a lot like what we talked about last week in Genesis 22
Mar 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
So the Psalm begins with the first thing Jesus said on the cross
The question is why did Jesus say this?
2 reasons that I know of
#1, He at that time had the sin of the world poured upon Him, which gave his Human side the sense that He had been seperated from God, this was the first time He had ever sensed this.
I know as a Christian, when I sin, I feel seperated from God, yet my heart is numb enough that it hurts, but not like it would have shocked Jesus
We cannot say whether or not God actually left Jesus at that point, or that was just the perception Jesus had because of the sins being poured upon him
I know when I sin, God does not leave me, He still dwells within me, but I have a perception in my spirit of seperation.
So if you feel God is not present in your life, or you feel seperated from Him, check yourself... are you in sin?
#2, Jesus was literally quoting chapter and verse. He was pointing people around him and us specifically to this Psalm and showing how prophecy was being fulfilled right before their eyes.
Psa 22:2 O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
Psa 22:3 But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel.
So David is saying, just because my situation is not getting any better, and it seems as if I am not being delivered from my trial, he still offers worship to God saying He is Holy.
David was being persecuted by Saul the king of Israel at the time
Psa 22:4 Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them.
Though deliverence has not come, dont lose your faith, He will deliver His own one way or another
Jesus was not delivered until after He died, in His resurrection
Psa 22:5 They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
Psa 22:6 But I am a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people.
The word for worm here in Hebrew is Tolawth
This is a crimson grub from which the Jews would use the red dye from this bug to dye their clothes, which speaks to how our garments are washed in the blood of Jesus
When this worm is about to give birth, it fastens itself to a tree and literally dies giving birth. Its remains turn white
This speaks of how Jesus would be fastened to a tree and die to give life to others, and our red sinful garments become white as snow
Isa 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
Rev 7:13 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they? Rev 7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
He was despised, and still is today by most
Isa 53:1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed? Isa 53:2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. Isa 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Isa 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
Jesus proclaimed the uncompramised truth, which can be politically incorrect. It can offend and anger.
The reaction a person has to the truth directly reflects the condition of that person's relationship with God through Christ.
If the words of the Bible anger you, you are not of God, you are in your sin.
If you reject the words of God, you reject Christ, and you reject God
Psa 22:7 All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,
Again, another prophecy fulfilled at the cross
Luk 23:35 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. Luk 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, Luk 23:37 And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.
Today the mockery continues, I read some commentary by a handful of random people who simply mocked the truth of God, saying blasphemous things
Psa 22:8 He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him.
This again is a prophecy of the crucifixion, as that verse I just read in Luke said that those crucifying Jesus said for Him to save Himself
Remember Psalm 22 was written 1000 years before the crucifixion
God did say that He delighted in Jesus, at his Baptism, He said “this is my son in whom I am well pleased.”
God would deliver Jesus, but not from the cross, He delivered Him after He died.
Psa 22:9 But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope when I was upon my mother's breasts.
Psa 22:10 I was cast upon thee from the womb: thou art my God from my mother's belly.
Again, another scripture that rebukes abortion, life begins in the womb
Remember also that John the Baptist when he was in his mother's womb, lept for joy when he came near to Mary who had Jesus in her womb.
Luk 1:41 And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost:
Psa 22:11 Be not far from me; for trouble is near; for there is none to help.
Psa 22:12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
The analogy of bulls is used here to speak of the pharisees.
The bulls of Bashan, is a reference to this land of Bashan (East of the Jordan), which was a very fruitful land and the bulls were fattened. This speaks of the Pharisees and how they were fattened off of the power they had, even the power to influence an unwilling Roman leader (Pontius Pilate)to concede to their will.
Deu 32:13 He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat the increase of the fields; and he made him to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock; Deu 32:14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; and thou didst drink the pure blood of the grape.
Blood of the grape speaks of the communion
Deu 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Have we lightly esteemed the Rock of our salvation?
Deu 32:16 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger. Deu 32:17 They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not.
Do you provoke God to jealousy with strange gods,...drugs, sex, money, pocessions, power, hate, etc...
Psa 22:13 They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.
This a prophecy of the spirit of satan working in these pharisees
1Pe 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
Psa 22:14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.
Now the spirit of God begins to predict the physical conditions the Messiah would endure, which speaks of crucifixion before crucifxion was invented
In crucifixion the persons joints are stretched and literally pulled out of joint
Such physical torment in the scourging and the crucifxion would have cause great trauma to the heart
Psa 22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
He would have been devestatingly weak after this physical trauma, and dehydrated
Psa 22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
This is the telling verse. David never had his hands and feet pierced
David who wrote this was speaking metaphorically of how he was trapped by his enemies
However the Holy Spirit caused him to word it this was to literally predict crucifxion
This along with all the other predictive details go way beyond coincedence
Psa 22:17 I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me.
Again a testimony to the nature of crucifixion, of how he was stretched out and beaten to a bloody and grusome condition.
Isa 52:14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
Isa 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Psa 22:18 They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
Here again a detailed prophecy that would be exactly fulfilled 1000 years later at the cross
Mat 27:35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots.
Psa 22:19 But be not thou far from me, O LORD: O my strength, haste thee to help me.
Psa 22:20 Deliver my soul from the sword; my darling from the power of the dog.
Psa 22:21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.
Again this is prophetic imagery of being impaled to a wild beast, that beast represents the sin Jesus took on the cross
Psa 22:22 I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.
Psa 22:23 Ye that fear the LORD, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel.
Psa 22:24 For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither hath he hid his face from him; but when he cried unto him, he heard.
Psa 22:25 My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.
Jesus will make a promise to those who truly fear God, or have an awesome reverance for God through faith.
The great congregation is a reference to the church
This implies the resurrection, because verse 15 even says He is brought to the dust of death, but after death He will appear in the midst of the congregation
Joh 20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
The was the first Resurrection Sunday
Psa 22:26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
This is a prophetic principle Jesus taught
Mat 5:5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
Psa 22:27 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn unto the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before thee.
All the ends of the world shall remember what?
They shall remember what this Psalm is describing, the crucifixion of Jesus and the resurrection
Remembering this work that is the Gospel will cause people from all nations to worship Jesus, which is exactly what has happened
Psa 22:28 For the kingdom is the LORD'S: and he is the governor among the nations.
Psa 22:29 All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
Psa 22:30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
Psa 22:31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.
The “They” being described here are those who have the testimony of Jesus Christ. The Apostles who wrote the New Testament and all missionaries and disciples after to this day that bring the Gospel to those who have not heard
The Hebrew words used to finish this Psalm that are translated He hath done this, in Greek or Aramaic mean the same thing as Jesus' final statement on the cross
Joh 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
So in conclusion this Psalm written 1000 years before Jesus begins with the first words Jesus said on the cross, and ended with His final words on the cross, and it speaks of everything He went through on the cross physically and why He did it.